The dark web history is a really an interesting topic we thought of covering you can read the first part of this series here: Dark web history
Dark web history
The internet, (thus the dark web) was a by-product of military technology, specifically military technology. In the Mid 90s the U.S wanted their intelligence operatives to have a virtual place where they could communicate with total anonymity.
They invented Tor, which is an acronym that stands for “The Onion Router”. The browser was the released to the public for free download. According to the BBC this was done to hide their intelligence operatives amidst all the activity happening via Tor browser.
In 1969 a student at the University of California sent a message between computers connected by ARPANET, this was the beginning of the web as we know it, and it was developed by the Pentagon’s Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.
Over the next few years more computers started connecting with each other on secret networks. These networks were referred to as “Darknets”. This was a breakthrough in secret communications. In the early 90s P2P file sharing was rampant. The people sharing these files were using data havens that couldn’t be shutdown by the authorities.
In March 2000 we saw the release of the “Freenet. This is a place you can access with anonymity and obtain files both legal and illegal. The Freenet is a near perfect anarchy. Long before the advent of Tor, People were trying to carve out a space on the internet that was away from prying eyes and a place where people could operate without being surveyed. We got Tor in 2002.
Where is tor blocked?
In 2009 a person under the moniker of Satoshi Nakamoto created Bitcoin. A virtual, untraceable and unhackable currency. This allowed you to launder your cash and spend your bitcoin inside the darknet. In 2011 we got the first Darknet marketplace known as “The Silk Road”. This site lasted for 2 years before it was taken down by the authorities. As of today, china is the only country in the world to have successfully blocked the Tor browser.268